Gingivitis – Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, and Treatment

The foundation for healthy teeth starts with your gums, which is why we are going to talk about one of the most common gum problems facing humans.

After-all isnt it everyone’s dream to have bright and shiny white teeth?

Well it all starts with your gums …

Gingivitis is the early stages of gum disease and is the swelling of your gums, which more often than not is due to a bacterial infection.

Sounds gross right?

Well, it’s a lot more common than you may know …

Studies have shown that over 75% of the population has some form of gingivitis. That is why in this article we are going to discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatments for gingivitis so that you are fully aware of this issue and can correctly protect against it.

What are the Causes of Gingivitis?

The main reason that people get gingivitis is because a build up of plaque has formed and is causing gingivitis. The reason that plaque forms is due to poor dental hygiene and bad habits when it comes to cleaning your teeth.

Plaque contains bacteria that then beings to attack your gums.

The bacteria found in plaque is usually formed when sugary foods and starches are eaten. Those foods then interact with the bacteria that are in your mouth, and if not brushed or flossed away turn into plaque that contains harmful bacteria.

If the plaque is not removed, it eventually will become hard under your gum line. This is known as tartar and will make the task of removing plaque a lot more difficult.

This happens because the tartar has entrapped the plaque and formed a hardened cover over it.

The next step, once the tartar has covered up the plaque bacteria is that your gums come under attack in the areas where your teeth connect to them, and in severe cases your teeth may become affected as well.

What are the Symptoms of Gingivitis?


Inflamed and puffy gums are the most common signs of Gingivitis.

The most common symptoms of gingivitis include inflammation of the gums, bleeding gums, gums that are puffed out and hard near the teeth.

Some other symptoms include bad breath, red colored gums, and your gums may become very tender to touch. Also, in some cases, your gums may even appear to be detaching from your teeth.

If left untreated for a long period of time, gingivitis can even start to attack your teeth, resulting in tooth decay and cavities.

Many people can have gingivitis and not even know, due to the fact that it usually is not very painful.

How to Prevent Gingivitis

Preventing gingivitis is really quite easy. It basically just comes down to good dental hygiene.

In order to prevent it, all you need to do is brush your teeth at least two times a day, and string or water flossing daily.

brushing and flossing

Brushing twice a day for at least 2 minutes and flossing once a day is the best way to prevent Gingivitis.

your teeth once a day.

You might be surprised but almost no body properly brushes their teeth, which is probably another big factor as to why so many people are suffering from gingivitis.

To properly brush your teeth, you need to make sure you are brushing them for at least 2 minutes, which most people do not.

You can learn the proper technique in my how to keep your teeth as healthy as possible article, as well as how to properly floss.

It is also important that you are visiting the dentist at least once a year for a cleaning. This allows for the removal of tough to remove plaque and debris that eventually leads to gingivitis.

Another great way to prevent gingivitis is to include fruits and vegetables and other foods that are nutrient rich into your diet.

These nutrients will provide a healthier foundation for your gums and teeth as opposed to a lot of sugary and starchy foods.

Also, you should avoid tobacco the best you can.

Treatments for Gingivitis

Treating gingivitis will usually require a trip to the dentist so that you can get a thorough cleaning in order to eliminate the root of the problem.

The build up of plaque, tartar, and other harmful debris is usually too difficult for you to remove at home, therefore it is recommended making an appointment with your dentist.

They will be able to address your entire mouth and ensure all of the plaque that is causing the issue is removed.

The process of treating gingivitis is called scaling, and it is essentially a deep cleaning process


Scaling is a deep clean done by your dentist to remove plaque and tartar that is deep in your gums.

that is done by dentist to get deep into your gums where the root of the problem is and remove the most harmful bacteria sitting in there.

More than likely this will cure the issue, however in severe cases, surgery may be needed in order to completely get rid of the issue.

The bottom line, is that you need to be brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing once a day.

On top of that try to cut some sugary foods out and bring in more vegetables. Staying on top of your dental hygiene will prevent gingivitis, it just takes a few minutes of work a day!

Gingivitis - Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, and Treatment
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Gingivitis - Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, and Treatment
Over 75% of people suffer from Gingivitis.  Learn what causes this condition and what you can do to prevent it before it happens to you!
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Teeth Whitening at Home Tips
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